**Counting in Japanese**

Counting in Japanese is actually really easy. In order to count up to 99, all you need to know is the Japanese terms for 1 through 10. - one = ichi
- two = ni
- three = san
- four = yon (or shi)
- five = go
- six = roku
- seven = nana (or shichi)
- eight = hachi
- nine = kyu
- ten = jyu
Above ten, we would say something to the effect of "10 and 2" to stand for "12." Therefore, - 11 = "ten (and) one" = "jyu ichi"
- 12 = "ten (and) two" = "jyu ni"
- 13 = "ten (and) three" = "jyu san"
- 14 = "ten (and) four" = "jyu shi" or "jyu yon"
- 15 = "ten (and) five" = "jyu go"
- 16 = "ten (and) six" = "jyu roku"
- 17 = "ten (and) seven" = "jyu nana" or "jyu shichi"
- 18 = "ten (and) eight" = "jyu hachi"
- 19 = "ten (and) nine" = "jyu kyu"
For numbers from 20 through 99, you would say something like "3 tens and 6" to mean "36." Therefore, - 36 = "3 tens and 6" = "san jyu roku"
- 43 = "4 tens and 3" = "yon jyu san"
- 71 = "7 tens and 1" = "nana jyu ichi"
- 99 = "9 tens and 9" = "kyu jyu kyu"
Counting higher is basically the same. - 100 = "hyaku"
- 1000 = "sen"
- 10000 = "man"
So....... - 101 is "hundred (and) one" = "hyaku ichi"
- 201 is "two hundred (and) one" = "ni hyaku ichi"
- 546 is "five hundred (and) four tens (and) six" = "go hyaku yon jyu roku"
- 3427 == "san zen yon hyaku ni jyu nana (or shichi)" (note that "sen" becomes "zen" after a voiced consonant line "n")
- 23456 = "ni man san zen yon hyaku go jyu roku"
Some anomalies..... - Use "shi" for "four" only in the single digit column. So, you can use "shi" or "yon" in 3654, but use "yon" for 40, 400, 4000, etc.
- Use "shichi" for "seven" only in the single digit column. So, you can use "shichi" or "nana" in 9607, but use "nana" for 70, 700, 7000, etc.
- 600 = "roppyaku" (not "roku hyaku")
- 800 = "happyaku" (not "hachi hyaku")
- 8000 = "hassen" (not "hachi sen")
So now you know how to count way above 10,000. Just in time for counting out all those kata moves? |

**page last updated on
Thursday 16 September 2010**