Miyamoto Musashi


Miyamoto Musashi (宮本 武蔵)

(aka Shinmen Takezō, Miyamoto Bennosuke, or by his Buddhist name Niten Dōraku)


1584 to 1645

in Banshū, in Tenshō, Harima Province in Japan

Where Trained



Takuan Sōhō

One of the greatest and un-defeated samurai that lived in Japan around about 1600 responsible for writing the great philosophical treatise "Gorin No Sho" or The Book of Five Rings.


He is famous amongst other things for the following "Nine Basic Attitudes" that he insisted a martialist should meditate upon constantly;-


1) Think honestly within yourself in your dealings with all men

2) Constant training is the only way to learn strategy

3) Become familiar with every art you come across

4) Understand the way of other disciplines

5) Know the difference between right and wrong in the matters of men

6) Strive for inner judgement and an understanding of everything

7) See that which cannot be seen

8) Overlook nothing, regardless of its insignificance

9) Do not waste time idling or thinking after you have set your goals.


"If you follow these basic attitudes you will free your spirit from negative thoughts."

Not to be confused with Yagyu Munenori who lived around the same time.

You may be interested to read books by or about him below;-

The Book of Five Rings - Go Rin Sho The Lone Samurai: The Life of Miyamoto Musashi Musashi Miyamoto [1955] DVD Musashi Miyamoto Miyamoto Musashi: His Life and Writings

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page last updated on Thursday 16 September 2010