The 20 Precepts [Niju Kun] or Guiding Principles of
- Karate-do begins with courtesy and ends with rei.
- There is no first strike (attack) in karate
[either mentally or physically]
- “Karate ni sente nashi”
- Karate is an aid to justice.
- First know yourself before attempting to know others.
- Spirit first, technique second.
- Always be ready to release your mind.
- Accidents arise from negligence.
- Do not think that karate training is only in the dojo.
- It will take your entire life to learn karate, there is no
- Put your everyday living into karate and you will find "Myo"
- Karate is like boiling water, if you do not heat it constantly,
it will cool. (qv: also by
- Do not think that you have to win, think rather that you do not
have to lose.
- Victory depends on your ability to distinguish vulnerable points
from invulnerable ones.
- The out come of the battle depends on how you handle weakness
- Think of your opponents hands and feet as swords.
- When you leave home, think that you have numerous opponents
waiting for you.
- Beginners must master low stance and posture, natural body
positions are for the advanced.
- Practicing a kata exactly is one thing, engaging in a real fight
- Do not forget to correctly apply: strength and weakness of
power, stretching and contraction of the body, and slowness and
speed of techniques.
- Always think and devise ways to live the precepts of karate-do
(compare the above with the
Twenty Samurai Precepts)
"The ultimate aim of Karate lies not in victory nor defeat, but
in the perfection of the character of its participants"
Read for yourself in more detail in the
The 20 Guiding Principles of KARATE
Precepts: & Other Essays on the Philosophy of
Karate Do by
(Vincent A. Cruz (Author))
another really good version of
the Niju Kun (20 Precepts) is the
Perfection of Character
click here for the 10 Precepts by Anko Itosu
click here for the "Seven Virtues of Bu" of
The Three Cardinal Principles of
by Gichin Funakoshi
1. Chikara No Kyojaku (Power
2. Karada No ShinShiku (Expansion
& Contraction of Muscles)
3. Waza No Kamkyu (Speed & Rythm